JURIST Supported by the University of Pittsburgh

 Don't Ask, Don't Tell

"Don't Ask, Don't Tell" (DADT) was the official US military policy towards homosexual service members from December 1993 to September 20, 2011, which mandated that "closeted" homosexual service members were allowed to serve in the military while homosexual or bisexual persons who revealed their sexual orientation were subject to discharge upon discovery. DADT originated in 1993 following a political conflict between President Bill Clinton and the US Congress. Clinton had advocated to end the ban on homosexuals in the military during his 1992 presidential campaign, but Congress included text in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 which effectively prohibited all gay, lesbian, and bisexual persons from serving in uniform. The Clinton administration responded by issuing Defense Directive 1304.26 on December 21, 1993. The order directed that military applicants could not be asked about their sexual orientation, although a similar internal, interim policy had been in place since January 1993. These two legal actions created the general policy of DADT. DADT has been the source of deep controversy in the military and social arenas of American politics since it was adopted. According to its supporters, DADT is necessary to protect unit cohesion, military readiness, combat effectiveness and recruiting and retention in the armed services. Among these supporters is retired US Marine Corps General John Sheehan, who testified before the US Senate Armed Services Committee that the inclusion of homosexual soldiers in the Dutch military rendered its armed forces weaker and less effective and directly contributed to the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.... [more]

Warning: main(D:\wwwroot\feature/flatdonatebox.html) [function.main]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory in D:\wwwroot\feature\featured\dadt\index.php on line 103

Warning: main() [function.include]: Failed opening 'D:\wwwroot\feature/flatdonatebox.html' for inclusion (include_path='.;c:\php4\pear') in D:\wwwroot\feature\featured\dadt\index.php on line 103

  TIMELINE

9/20/11: DADT repeal took effect

9/16/11: House GOP members sent letter asking to delay repeal of DADT

9/1/11: DOJ asked appeals court to vacate DADT ruling

7/22/11: Ninth Circuit partially reinstated DADT

7/22/11: Obama certified DADT repeal

7/15/11: Ninth Circuit partially reinstated DADT

7/14/11: DOJ asked appeals court to reinstate DADT

7/6/11: Federal court ordered immediate end to enforcement of DADT

5/26/11: House passed defense authorization bill delaying DADT repeal

5/12/11: House panel approved measure requiring military certification of DADT repeal

...[more]
  ACADEMIC COMMENTARY
Forum: Military Laws on Exemplary Conduct: What Remains After 'Don't Ask Don't Tell' Rulings
  LEGAL PROFESSIONAL COMMENTARY
Hotline: DADT repeal efforts ignore transgender service members and veterans
  STUDENT COMMENTARY
Dateline: A Military Spouse's Take on DADT's Repeal